Kampagne für die Reform der Vereinten Nationen

Movement for UN Reform (UNFOR)


 If you want peace, prepare for peace!



Unsere Themen und Projekte:

Menschenrechtsklage/Human Rights Complaint

The Right of Peoples to Peace

Tangiers as City of Peace and World Capital 

The Garland Canal Project

Korrespondenz mit dem Auswärtigen Amt online

Korrespondenz mit den Parteien und Fraktionen im Deutschen Bundestag

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Is Germany actually blocking the development of the UNITED NATIONS to become an effective System of Collective Security?

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by Klaus Schlichtmann


ART. IX / 九条




Walther SCHÜCKING, The International Union of the Hague Peace Conferences


INDIA and the Quest for an effective UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATION


Deutsch lernen in Tokio?

KONTAKT: klaus.san@gmail.com


Täglich sterben über einhunderttausend Menschen an Hunger.





Der Drei-Billionen-Dollar-Krieg


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Online version of TerraViva, the independent daily journal of the
World Social Forum

Versión online de TerraViva, el diario independiente del Foro Social Mundial
See also: Campaign for a More Democratic United Nations (CAMDUN): http://www.camdun-online.gn.apc.org/ and Reader on Second Assembly and Parliamentary Proposals and http://www.wfmd.de/
World Social Forum - Porto Alegre , January 28, 2003








Terra Viva is an independent publication of IPS - Inter Press Service.

The opinions expressed in Terra Viva do not necessarily reflect the editorial views of IPS nor the official position of any of its sponsors.

IPS gratefully acknowledges the financial support received for this publication from: Novib Oxfam Netherlands and the Charles Stewart Mott Foundation.

The Commonwealth Foundation generously funded the participation of the following journalists:

Debra Anthony
Zarina Geloo
Marwaan Macan-Markar
Sanjay Suri
Kalinga Seneviratne








To Reform UN, Get Folk Involved

The WSF as the UN’s Second Chamber?

By Kalinga Seneviratne

If you want to change the world, start with the United Nations. And to change the world body, maybe what is needed is a second chamber of elected representatives from each country.

These suggestions came out of a workshop of UN reforms yesterday at the WSF.

Peter Hesse of CONGO (the Conference of NGOs in consultative status with the UN) said his organisation had drawn up a proposal that could go a long way toward UN reform.

"The UN is not integrating the people themselves. What is happening at the UN is country representation. What is lacking at the UN is direct representation of the people of the world," he said.

Hesse outlined the CONGO proposal to the workshop, which was attended by a small group consisting mainly of youth delegates from South America. "Every country will have one representative, but, those with 10 million or more people will have extra representatives for each 10 million," he said.

The proposal had several critics, who noted that the issue of representation was bound to be problematic. Geraldo González Cortes, a Chilean who spent 27 years working at the UN, said problems such as indigenous peoples whose community was divided by national boundaries may find themselves without representation under this plan. Additionally, it would be difficult to attach religion to any one country and so many religious entities would similarly not be represented.

Cortes noted that the way the UN functioned needed to be changed in order for changes to be effected in the world. Very often good intentions get watered down at the UN, he noted, pointing the attempt by indigenous peoples to set up their own assembly at the world body. "The UN created a commission for indigenous people when they wanted an assembly," he pointed out.

Hesse admitted that the issue of adequate representation could pose a problem for the CONGO proposal, but, he continued, "the idea is to raise consciousness" around the issue of direct representation.

Jennifer Opiyo from Kenya suggested that popular education across borders could be used to jump start the process to change the UN system. "We need to build strong networks with a focus," she said.

"We need to change the power of rich countries to control the UN. Missing is a system to get a process going, something of a road map of systematic change," said Jonah Wittkamper of the Global Youth Action Network.

Perhaps the WSF may be developed into the second chamber of the UN?

Hesse thinks it is a possibility. "If the idea of the Social Forum can develop around the world, it’s one of the models that could forward such ideas. People here are engaged in changing something mostly the peaceful way," he noted. "What is particularly good about it is that it is so open."

The discussion also focused on how to fund the UN so that the opportunities for rich countries to manipulate the world body are reduced. Cortes explained the idea of the Tobin Tax and making the UN the beneficiary or the owner of the exploitable natural resources outside national borders such as in the sea bed or in the Antarctic.

Many of the participants, however, felt that these ideas for raising independent revenue for the United Nations would not work unless the body is first reformed so that poor countries are able to benefit from the system and the rich countries will not be able to block it.

"The UN is too weak, so we can't use it to initiate change. We need to give the UN power first for it to be able to do it," said Opjiyo.

A Brazilian youth suggested that Porto Alegre may have a solution to that dilemma and he explained how the local councils call up the community to gather at the local council hall to decide how to use the annual budget for the area. Still, he conceded that sometimes the more vocal and macho members of the community got their way.






Personal 僕のこと


Consensus model


Round letters




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Peace Constitutions 平和憲法


TEXTE            Texts

ÖKOLOGIE     Ecology

LITERATUR       Literature 







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Human, All too Human

284 The means to real peace. -

No government nowadays admits that it maintains an army so as to satisfy occasional thirsts for conquest; the army is supposed to be for defence. That morality which sanctions self-protection is called upon to be its advocate. But that means to reserve morality to oneself and to accuse one‘s neighbour of immorality, since he has to be thought of as ready for aggression and conquest if our own state is obliged to take thought of means of self-defence; moreover, when our neighbour denies any thirst for aggression just as heatedly as our State does, and protests that he too maintains an army only for reasons of legitimate self-defence, our declaration of why we require an army declares our neighbour a hypocrite and cunning criminal who would be only too happy to pounce upon a harmless and unprepared victim and subdue him without a struggle. This is how all states now confront one another: they presuppose an evil disposition in their neighbour and a benevolent disposition in themselves. This presupposition, however, is a piece of inhumanity as bad as, if not worse than, a war would be; indeed, fundamentally it already constitutes an invitation to and cause of wars, because, as aforesaid, it imputes immorality to one‘s neighbour and thereby seems to provoke hostility and hostile acts on his part. The doctrine of the army as a means of self-defence must be renounced just as completely as the thirst for conquest. And perhaps there will come a great day on which a nation distinguished for wars and victories and for the highest development of military discipline and thinking, and accustomed to making the heaviest sacrifices on behalf of these things, will cry of its own free will: ,we shall shatter the sword‘ - and demolish its entire military machine down to its last foundations. To disarm while being the best armed, out of anelevation of sensibility - that is the means to real peace, which must always rest on a disposition for peace: whereas the so-called armed peace such as now parades about in every country is a disposition to fractiousness which trusts neither itself nor its neighbour and fails to lay down its arms half out of hatred, half out of fear. Better to perish than to hate and fear, and twofold better to perish than to make oneself hated and feared - this must one day become the supreme maxim of every individual state! - As is well known, our liberal representatives of the people lack the time to reflect on the nature of man: otherwise they would know that they labour in vain when they work for a ,gradual reduction of the military burden‘. On the contrary, it is only when this kind of distress is at its greatest that the only kind of god that can help here will be closest at hand.  The tree of the glory of war can be destroyed only at a single stroke, by a lightning-bolt: lightning, however, as you well know, comes out of a cloud and from on high. (R.J. Hollingdale, transl., Human, All Too Human. A Book for Free Spirits, Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy (1996), pp. 380-81)